Synthesis, structure and application of bio-binders for electrodes and refractories in the metallurgical process industries

Carbon is a critical material in several metallurgical industrial sectors, and not just as a reducing agent. The unique chemical and structural versatility, and thermo-physical properties of carbon make it essentially irreplaceable in furnace electrodes and carbon-containing refractories. Thus there is considerable driving force to find viable bio-derived substitutes for fossil carbon materials currently used in these carbon consumables.

This project aims to further develop technically viable bio-carbon binders towards application in the manufacture of carbon electrodes, carbon lining pastes, and carbon-containing oxide refractories so critical to the steel, aluminium, and non-ferrous metal industries.

Jesse White

KTH Royal Institute of Technology

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Project information


Elkem Carbon Solutions

Time schedule

November 2022 - October 2025

Total cost of project

5 806 582 SEK

Swedish Energy Agency project number